Your Question About Easy Weight Loss

Susan asks…

Mountain Horned Dragon Diet?

I have been feeding my Mountain Horned Dragon crickets. I just put one in everyday. She is a female. I don’t know exactly how much I should be feeding her. So how much should I and when? Also tell me if I should change her diet to worms or something.

weight loss cardiff answers:

Being an arboreal lizard (tree dwelling), the vivarium should be tall rather then long. Provide a minimum height of 3-4ft, length 3ft and width of 1.5-2ft. As with most reptiles, the larger the vivarium, the happier the animal/s will be. If you are planning on keeping more than one, ensure you calculate the size accordingly.

The best substrate to use has to be the compressed coconut bedding – when water is added this swells and holds moisture in. This is excellent to keep the humidity levels high, as Mountain Horned Dragons require humidity at 70-80%. Misting twice a day can also help achieve the required levels. Another affective method is the use of a fogger. Place this on a timer to become active an hour before the lights turn on and an hour before they go off. It gives a very nice effect within the vivarium.

This species needs to be kept cool and the ideal daytime temperature should range between 25C (78F) to 27C (81F). Provide basking areas above branches, but never allow the temperature to exceed 30C (86F) throughout the vivarium. Allow a nighttime temperature of 21C (70F). To help control the temperature within the Vivarium use a Thermostat. The use of a UV light is very important, this helps your Mountain Horned Dragon produce the vitamin D3 it requires. Although these are a forest dwelling species, we would recommend the use of a 5% UV light.

Water should be provided in a large water dish/container so that they may have a soak if required. It is important that the water is moving, as they do not recognize still water. You can achieve this by using an air stone attached to a pump or for a better affect, build a small waterfall inside the large water container. Dehydration is a big issue with these lizards, but if you take these steps you shouldn’t have any problems.

For décor, provide large thick branches with live or artificial plants. The latter is cheaper, but real plants make the vivarium look natural and I’m sure your Mountain Horned Dragon will appreciate this more. The best plants to use are Orchids, Tilandsia, Ferns, Bromeliads, Pothos, Philodendrons, Peperomias, Palms, and many others. Ensure you do not place any poisonous plants in the enclosure. Although the Dragon will not eat the plants, insects may! Stronger plants are better as these will be climb on.

These lizards are Insectivores; feed them on Crickets, Locusts, Mealworms, Wax Worms and the other insects you may find like small spiders. Mountain Horned Dragons love earthworms! These are high in calcium and nutrients and are very cheap to purchase from bait shops if you cannot find them in your garden. You can offer the worms every day with the odd cricket/locust to keep them actively hunting for live foods, you must be careful not to over feed them.

Hope this helped!

Betty asks…

can dogs get worms from eating a RAW diet?

been giving my dog a raw diet lately:
75% muscle meat
5% tripe, heart, gizzard
10% liver and kidney
10% bone (sometimes ground, sometimes in the form of raw meaty bones)

He recently got worms. Vet dewormed him. He seems sick again. Just some mild diarrhea. Going to the vet on Friday?
vet said he got hook worms from the dog park. hook worms dont exist in raw meat. just wanted to know which, if any worms exist in raw meat. do you people know anything?
a dog’s intestinal tract is a lot shorter and can handle larger amounts of bacteria. their stomach pH can actually kill most food born pathogens.

i dont need to know whether you agree or disagree with a raw diet, just if you know if worms can be found on raw meat.
we buy meat from our local supermarket and local farm and sometimes we feed stella and chewy’s, aunt jeni, and primal. we freeze our game meat and pork for about a month prior to feeding it.
how many treatments of deworming are you supposed to give? He has received one from the vet, and I gave him one today, when should our next deworming be done?

weight loss cardiff answers:

Your dog won’t get worms from eating the raw meat, but you have to be really careful about what meat you buy. Raw meat is always tainted with bacteria like e-coli, but cooking it normally gets rid of that.

Your dog will always need to be wormed if it spends any amount of time outside. It’s just how it goes!

Mark asks…

Wax Worms in Leopard Gecko’s Diet?

Im just wondering how often I should throw a wax worm into her meal..Is once a week fine?

weight loss cardiff answers:

You don’t need to throw any in, they are just for treats. If you decide you want them to give your gecko something especially tasty to munch on, one or two a week should be just fine. Wax worms hold vitamin and calcium powders really well, so it is a good idea to use them as your dusted feeder.

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Your Question About Easy Weight Loss

James asks…

Is it necessary to add supplements to raw cat and dog food?

I’m reading up on BARF diet recipes, and i’m wondering whether these supplements are really needed. Isn’t raw meat and organs alone enough for wild cats and dogs?
I also found out about the raw meaty bones (RMB) diet, which I think makes more sense than the BARF

weight loss cardiff answers:

Absolutely not, all the supplements, veggies, dairy products, etc., are completely unnecessary. You’re right, the diet based on “raw meaty bones” designed by Tom Lonsdale makes much more sense than the “BARF” diet.

I feed what is called a “prey-model raw” diet, more closely based on Lonsdale’s diet. It is also based on David Mech’s research on wolves, which shows that wolves do not normally consume, or need, the stomach of the prey or its contents. The diet is simply 80% meat, 10% bone, and 10% organ, half of the organ fed being liver.

The only supplement that I would even consider would be Omega 3 (found in salmon or fish body oil). The reason I would consider this is due to the fact that the grain fed meat typically found in this country is very low in it. If you don’t feed grass-fed meat, wild game, or deep ocean fish (such as salmon, sardines, anchovies, or mackerel), then a supplement would be a good idea to make up for the lack. However, my dogs get venison regularly and one or two sardines every week, so I don’t worry about it.

If you’ve found out about the RMB diet you’ve probably seen some/most of these links, but they’ve been helpful for me so I’ll post them for you anyway:

That third link is actually a free PDF copy of Lonsdale’s book “Work Wonders”. It’s definitely worth the read.

Anyway, hope that helps, and good luck with your dog’s (or cat’s) transition to a raw diet!

Donna asks…

How can you make your thighs skinner?

I’m going to the beach soon on the weekends with my whole class with all the girls wearing bikinis, and all the guys wearing swim shorts, and I don’t want to show my fat thighs with all the hot guys around.
Are there any diet recipes for making my thighs smaller? If so, please type them out OR some exercises I can start out with.

weight loss cardiff answers:

OK. Let’s separate apples from oranges.

First, you can take two people of the same age, gender, weight, and height and have two entirely different fitness proportions. Bone mass, muscle density, and body fat percentage is what is going to make the difference. Whoa! How do you figure this out, you might ask. Simple: Go to a fitness center or your doctor and have your body fat percentage checked. This is a good starting point to so you can measure progress.

Second, to burn fat, the key is aerobic exercise. This is defined as any exercise that elevates and sustains your heart rate to about 70-80% of your maximum heart rate. Sustaining it beyond 20 minutes is going to get you into that fat burning zone. Then, the longer you go, the more you burn. Other exercises (anaerobic), such as calisthenics or strength training (weights) are going to improve your muscular strength and endurance. This is what does the “toning” that people talk about. NOTE: To debunk myth, Yoga and Pilates, while great for flexibility, core strength, and physical therapy are not great for fat loss or muscle toning.
Third, nutrition is absolutely critical to any kind of fitness plan. It’s probably the most important part. The reason is because you can exercise all damn day. If your calorie consumption still exceeds your calorie burn rate, you aren’t going to burn an ounce of fat.

With that said, let’s revisit nutrition and exercise. Forgive me if you already know all (or part) of this stuff, but I’m going to assume you need the full lesson so as not to cheat you of any valuable information you may not know.

Don’t stress out so much about counting calories.

The secret is acknowledging the true purpose of food as fuel rather than entertainment. Focus on protein, fats, and carbohydrates and learn about each of them. A little bit of research online will teach you a lot. Remember, don’t diet; change your eating lifestyle. Doing so will change your life for the better. For the exercise, consider it a priority to include it into your routine.

Anyway, if you want it simple, here it is in ten steps:
1. Protein is good…eat plenty (about 30% of your caloric intake)
2. Fats are good and bad…know the difference
3. Saturated and trans fats are the bad ones – limit these
4. Poly- and mono-unsaturated fats are good – don’t be afraid of them
5. Carbohydrates are good and bad…know the difference
6. Fibers and complex carbs are the good ones – eat these (about 40% of your caloric intake)
7. Sugars and simple carbs are the bad ones – limit these, particularly late in the day (stay away from sodas and chips!)
8. Drink water – lots and lots and lots of water. It’s the only drink you need. Anything else is either wasted or simply bad for you
9. Eat 4-6 “meals” a day to boost your metabolism.
10. A meal is defined as a portion of a low-fat, protein rich entree, a portion of veggies for vits/mins, and a portion of complex carbs. (You can get these combined as a health shake)

Here’s a simplistic plan that anyone should be able to follow:
1. 4-6 hours per week
2. 45-90 min each day you exercise
3. Do aerobic exercise (20-40 min) every day you exercise
4. Work abdominals every day you exercise (between sets makes it easy)
5. Do chest and triceps exercises on one day
6. Do back and biceps exercises on a different day
7. Do legs and shoulder exercises on a different day
8. Do your exercises in sets (i.e. 3 times with 6-12 repetitions each)
9. Keep a record of what you do to measure progress.
10. When your progress stalls (called “plateau”), switch up your routine.

Ken asks…

Is it necessary to add supplements to raw cat and dog food?

I’m reading up on BARF diet recipes, and i’m wondering whether these supplements are really needed. Isn’t raw meat and organs alone enough for wild cats and dogs?
I also found out about the raw meaty bones (RMB) diet, which I think makes more sense than the BARF

weight loss cardiff answers:

Actually i heard many times a cat gets everything it needs from a mouse

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